Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a behavioural condition which causes challenges with attention and behavior. Whilst it is most commonly diagnosed in children, some will carry the difficulties of ADHD with them throughout their life and others may not receive a diagnosis until adulthood.
A diagnosis can help people understand why they struggle with certain aspects of life and enable them to take positive steps forward in managing their challenges. The causes of ADHD are not fully understood, and it’s thought that a combination of factors may be most likely. ADHD tends to run in families and genetics are believed to be a big factor. Certain studies have also shown differences in brain structure in individuals with ADHD. Finally, ADHD can be associated with things like premature birth and epilepsy.
Though there is no ‘cure’ for ADHD, the challenges experienced can be managed effectively and this can lead to a significant reduction in symptoms. It is important to note that the symptoms of ADHD can vary greatly from person to person, so a tailored treatment approach is essential.
Actions that can help
- Having some sort of planner, whether a physical booklet or app on your phone, can help you to keep organised and remember things which are often easily forgotten when you have ADHD.
- Keep small items together in a bowl or dish near the entrance to your home, helping you to find them when you need them and decreasing the likelihood they might get lost.
- Turn off distractions whilst at work. Mute your phone, only check your emails at certain times during the day - these small steps can make it easier to stay focussed.
- Exercise can help you channel extra energy and stimulate parts of your brain associated with ADHD.
- Make organisation a daily habit. Instead of thinking of it as tidying up, think of it as part of your approach to organisation - spending 10 minutes each day putting things where they belong.